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Why Machu Picchu is Important

Why Machu Picchu is Important?

Why is Machu Picchu Important.

Why Machu Picchu is Important? Machu Picchu is an important Citadel is considered the main tourist attraction in Peru and one of the most visited in the world.

Machu Picchu is a Quechua word derived from Machu, which means old or ancient, and Picchu means mountain, so Machu Picchu translates as Old Mountain.


Machu Picchu has opened up to the world since the arrival of professor and anthropologist Hiram Bingham, who has supported the development of sites under the auspices of Yale University, the National Geographic Society and the Peruvian government to begin studying the archeological complex. However, Hiram Bingham was not the one who discovered Machu Picchu, and because there are some indications of people living in the area for many years. The significance of Machu Picchu Fortress for Tahuantinsuyo was very striking. The reference point was the excellent urban planning associated with other nearby places in Machu Picchu. In agriculture, the region is characterized by the production of corn and potatoes.



Over the years, much research has been done on the role of this fortress in the mountains. One theory further states that Machu Picchu Fortress was a luxurious and well-maintained Inca mausoleum of Pachacutec, who was the founder and first emperor of Tawantinsuyo. Machu Picchu Fortress does not have more than 200 to 300 people, but they have a high social status. Most of these people had some kind of Inca relationship; are descendants of the founder of Tahuantinsuyo.


The Fortress.

The fortress is important because it has great archaeological value and diverse ecosystems. Machu Picchu symbolizes the excellent technical skills and productivity of the Inca Empire at its peak. The place means the former frontier of the Empire; an estimated 40,000 km of roads connects this wide area. The fortress is a protected area due to the great natural and cultural attractions it contains. Machu Picchu is full of mysterious nature, which has attracted many explorers and tourists.

Machu Picchu is Important

Machu Picchu is Important


It is considered the most bizarre urban creation of the Inca Empire and one of the most important monuments in the world. Located on top of a mountain, 2,430 meters of tropical forest, it offers a unique landscape with significant endemic biodiversity of flora and fauna.



The historic shrine of Machu Picchu is full of cultural significance. Various places, complexes, monuments and walls are connected to each other and their surroundings. It was a remarkable work of art and an architectural masterpiece. Everything is sacred and cultural and interrelated, including the natural environment in which it is built.


Machu Picchu and it´s Principal Areas.

The place consists of areas, squares, temples, cemeteries, food storage rooms, stone canals and stairs and platforms, arranged along the topography of the mountain in a unique design work in the city. The terraces of more than 700 preserved plots support agriculture and serve as part of an extensive water supply system and reduce the constant erosion of water on steep slopes. The monument was built in the fifteenth century, served as a contemporary center of worship and astronomical observation, and as a resting place for the Pachacutec Inca royal family.



The historic sanctuary of Machu Picchu contains about 10% fauna and 22% Peruvian flora. It is one of the few mountain areas with lots of information about local plants and animals. They recorded 401 bird species, 19 reptiles, 10 amphibians, 13 fish, 300 butterflies and 400 nocturnal animals, as well as 309 registered orchid species out of a total of 1625 species in the country, with an estimated 200 more missing. Included.



For these and other functions, the Machu Picchu Historic Shrine was inscribed on the UNESCO World Cultural and Natural Heritage List in 1983. At present, Machu Picchu has the rank considered one of the Seven Wonders of the World; this difference promotes greater tourism in the area. Tourists of all nationalities travel to Peru to observe the Inca heritage and, of course, visit Machu Picchu, also known as the Lost City of the Incas.


What is the best time to visit Machu Picchu?

For some people, the best time to visit Machu Picchu is during the dry season (From May to September). But also, this is the busiest time of the year for tourism in Cusco Peru.

Alternatively, during the rainy season (From October to April) tourism decreases in the Cusco region.  Heavy rains make trekking in the Andean mountains a little bit difficult.